Alison, K. E. (2007). When Is a State a State? The Case for Recognition of Somaliland, 30 B.C. Int’l & Comp. L. Rev. 211.

Anthony, J., & Carroll, B. R. (1993). The Case For The Independent Statehood of Somaliland. AM. U.J. INT’L L. & POL’Y.


Be the first to know – Follow us on [wp-svg-icons icon=”twitter-2″ wrap=”i”] @Saxafi

Clarke, W. S., & Gosende, R. (2003). Somalia: Can a Collapsed State Reconstitute Itself? In R. I. Rotberg (Ed.), State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror. Washington: Brookings Institute Press.

Fred, O. (2006). Breakaway State Has Achieved Peace, Stability, Democracy, East African (Westgate Mall siege in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2013. In recent weeks, they have carried out a spate of attacks in Kenya). 28 Feb.

Henry, J. S., & Philip, A. (2000). International Human Rights in Context. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ian, B. (1979). Principles of Public International Law 287 (3d edi).

Integrated Regional Information Network (IRIN), 28 May 2014.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), 1966.

Ismail, I. A., & Reginald, H. G. (1999). The Heritage of War and State Collapse in Somalia and Somaliland: Local-Level Effects, External Interventions and Reconstruction, 20 Third World Q. 113, 113.

Jean, P. S. (1948). Anti-Semite and Jew: An Exploration of the Etiology of Hate. New

York: Schocken Books.

Kelsey, F. (1925). Hugo Grotius on the Law of War and Peace, translation (Carnegie Edition).

Lambert, J. (1995). Betrayed Trust: Africans and the State in Colonial Natal. Pietermaritzburg: University of natal Press.

Lars, V. (2000). Northern Europe: Languages as Prime Markers of Ethnic and National Identity. In S. Barbour et al. (Eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lauterpachet, H. (1947). Recognition in International Law, Grotius Classic Reprint Series. Paperback, December 6, 2012.

Malcolm, N. S. (1986). Title to Territory in Africa; International Legal Issues. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Marc, L. (2006). The Signs Say Somaliland, But the World Says Somalia. N.Y.: Times, June 5.

Markus, H. (2006). Political Identity, Emerging State Structures and Conflict in Northern Somalia. Journal of Modern African Studies, 44.

McDowell, E. C. (1977). Contemporary Practice of the [24] Peter J. Schraeder, “Why the United States Relating to International Law. AM. J. INT’L L., 71, 337.

Nanda, P. (1981). Self Determination Under International Law: Validity of Claims to Secede. CASE W. RES. J. INT’L L., 13, 257.

Paolo, C. (1969). The Somali Republic: An Experiment in Legal Integration. London: Frank Cass.

Peter, R. (2011). The Right to Secede Under International Law: The Case of Somaliland. Journal of International Service.

United Nation Charter (UN), 1945.

[24] Peter J. Schraeder, “Why the United States Department of State Press Relations Office Notice, Nov. 1, 1976, Quoted in Eleanor C.

US Department of State Dispatch, 1990 Human Rights Report: Somalia (Feb. 1, 1991) (Describing the Human Rights Atrocities in Somalia).

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT), 1969.

*Temesgen Sisay is an Assistant Professor in comparative constitutional law at Bahir Dar University School of Law.

How to cite this paper: Beyene, T. S. (2019).

Declaration of Statehood by Somaliland and

the Effects of Non-Recognition under

International Law. Beijing Law Review, 10, 196-211.


Received: January 27, 2019

Accepted: March 15, 2019

Published: March 18, 2019


Copyright ⓒ 2019 by author(s) and

Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

This work is licensed under the Creative

Commons Attribution International

License (CC BY 4.0).

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.