In recent times, Somalia has been advocating for an irredentist concept known as “Greater Somalia,” which has raised concerns regarding regional stability.

This concept, promoted by the Somali Embassy in Serbia through the publication of a controversial map, challenges the sovereignty of neighboring countries such as Somaliland, Djibouti, Kenya, and Ethiopia. The notion behind this map is rooted in an ethno-expansionist ideology that aims to acquire land from these nations in order to create a unified “Greater Somalia.”

The international community is urged to take a firm stand against Somalia’s irredentism and reconsider the recognition of Somaliland. Failure to address Somalia’s territorial ambitions could potentially fuel future conflicts in the Horn of Africa region.


The Somali government has vehemently opposed the Ethiopia-Somaliland memorandum of understanding (MoU), citing concerns about its impact on Somalia’s territorial integrity. However, the promotion of a “Greater Somalia” map by one of its embassies contradicts this stance and underscores Somalia’s expansionist aspirations.

Somalia’s inclination towards irredentism is not a novel development. Earlier this year, Somali-US Congresswoman Ilhan Omar sparked controversy with her declaration that Somalia intended to claim territory from Kenya, Ethiopia, and Somaliland.

This rhetoric, reminiscent of ethno-expansionism seen in historical conflicts like Greater Germany in World War II, has raised alarms both domestically and internationally. The recent actions of the Somali Embassy in Serbia further validate Somalia’s ambitions to annex territories from neighboring states.

The advocacy for “Greater Somalia” represents a blatant disregard for the territorial integrity of neighboring nations. It is imperative for the Horn of Africa region to address this irredentist agenda promptly to prevent Somalia from destabilizing the area further.

Somalia's Irredentist Concept Of "Greater Somalia" Poses A Threat To Regional Stability Both the Al-Shabaab terrorist group and the Somali government share a common vision of ethno-religious expansionism and the pursuit of a “Greater Somalia” through coercive means, posing a significant threat to regional security.

The concept of “Greater Somalia” traces its origins back to the early 20th century, when the idea of uniting all Somali-inhabited regions under a single nation emerged. Referred to as Pan-Somalism, this concept aimed to reunite territories such as British Somaliland, Italian Somaliland, French Somaliland (now Djibouti), the Somali Region in Ethiopia, and the Northern Frontier District in Kenya, to form a cohesive Somali nation. However, the pursuit of this goal has historically led to conflicts, including the Ogaden War with Ethiopia over the Somali Region and support for Somali insurgents against Kenya.

Somalia's Irredentist Concept Of "Greater Somalia" Poses A Threat To Regional StabilityIn 1946, the Somali Youth League even proposed Harar as the future capital of Greater Somalia and presented this idea to the United Nations. Critics often view the concept of Greater Somalia as an irredentist notion that emphasizes claims to territories historically inhabited by ethnic Somalis.

In conclusion, the promotion of “Greater Somalia” not only infringes upon the territorial integrity of neighboring countries but also violates international law, posing a grave threat to regional security. It is imperative for the international community to address Somalia’s irredentist ambitions decisively to prevent further destabilization in the Horn of Africa region. Failure to do so may exacerbate existing tensions and lead to heightened conflict in an already fragile geopolitical landscape.

Somalia's Irredentist Concept Of "Greater Somalia" Poses A Threat To Regional Stability