The peace and stability of Africa depend on respecting, recognizing, and implementing colonial borders and they are unalterable or unmodifiable.
By Ibrahim Hassan Gagale
African colonial borders, like Arab World, Asia, and South American colonial borders, were all drawn by European colonialism and are based on land and not on tribe, ethnicity, or clan lineage, and subclans of the same clan inhabit different African countries due to colonial demarcations.
Afar Tribe inhabits Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti. Tuareg Tribe inhabits Senegal, Nigeria, Mali, and Niger. Fulani Tribe inhabits Mali, Nigeria, Chad, and Cameroon. Lunda Tribe inhabits Congo, Zambia, and Angola. Yoruba tribe inhabits Nigeria, Benin, and Togo. Dir Tribe inhabits in Somaliland, Djibouti, Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya. Hawiye Tribe inhabits Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya. Daarood Tribe inhabits Somalia, Somaliland, Ethiopia, and Kenya. Rahanwein Tribe inhabits Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya, and so on.
That is why the Declaration of African Conference in 1964 of Reaffirming Colonial Borders was issued to recognize and protect African colonial borders in order to prevent tribal wars seeking postcolonial reunifications that would plunge the whole continent of Africa into endless violence, anarchy, chaos, and tribal bloody wars bringing down African states.
The peace and stability of Africa depend on respecting, recognizing, and implementing colonial borders and they are unalterable or unmodifiable. Colonial borders define the territory, people, independence, and recognition of each African country. Tribal armed factions driven by tribal emotions or tribalism tried before to change African colonial borders by force to unite their clan or tribe after independence but all ended in failure because no country accepts to divide its territory as colonial borders are recognized and internationally legitimate.
No country in Africa can claim a subclan inhabiting another African country for reasons of tribal lineage or ethnicity. Colonial borders of Africa are unalterable and unmodifiable. So are Somaliland borders. Somaliland territory cannot be divided and its colonial borders inherited from Somaliland British Protectorate cannot be altered or modified.
Author: Ibrahim Hassan Gagale
He can be reached at email@example.com
February 7, 2023
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