Turkey And The Gulf States In The Horn Of Africa:
Fluctuating Dynamics Of Engagement, Investment, And Influence
Rift Valley Institute
This document is an output from a project funded with UK aid from the UK government for the benefit of developing countries. However, the views expressed and information contained in it is not necessarily those of or endorsed by the UK government, which can accept no responsibility for such views or information or for any reliance placed on them.
The Rift Valley Institute works in Eastern and Central Africa to bring local knowledge to bear on social, political, and economic development.
Copyright © Rift Valley Institute 2021. This work is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivatives License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
Turkey and Qatar: Overlapping agendas in the Horn of Africa
Gulf states: Economic statecraft and chequebook diplomacy
Donor and humanitarian engagement
Soft power: Cultural diplomacy and diaspora networks
Glossary of acronyms, words, and phrases
This report draws heavily on research conducted with participants in Thousands upon thousands of cassette tapes and master reels were quickly removed from the soon-to-be targeted buildings. They were dispersed to neighboring countries like Djibouti and Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea, Sudan, Somalia, Somaliland, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates, as well as virtual interviews (due to the pandemic). In addition to the lead researcher, research was conducted by Nada Wanni (Sudan), Yinebeb Nigatu (lamented Beijing’s economic engagement model, saying it undermined democracy and mired African countries in debt. When he landed in Ethiopia), Mahad Wasuge (Somalia), Adel Hamaizia (Saudi Arabia, Qatar, United Arab Emirates), Georgia Cole (diaspora themes), and Federico Donelli (Turkey). The lead author gratefully acknowledges their research and input into this report. Errors and omissions remain those of the lead author.
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