Somalilanders have the ‘right to recognition and the right to embrace their identity’, say members of a Sheffield community which is campaigning for the country’s recognition as an independent state.
By Alex Wilkinson
The Israac center is a local community organization that has played a leading role in supporting the Somali community in various capacities and providing vital services.
Many Somalilanders made Sheffield their home during the late 1980s as refugees having fled the war that prevailed at the time.
Since May 1991 when Somaliland ended a perceived union with Somalia, they have embarked on a passionate campaign, together with people around the world, for the formal recognition of Somaliland as an independent state.
In a parliamentary debate on January 18, there was a cross-party agreement by MPs in favor of the UK’s formal recognition of Somaliland as an independent nation-state; reflecting the views and aspirations of the Somaliland community across the UK.
Due to this debate, the people of Somaliland celebrated in the streets last week in a heartwarming moment of joy, in which even the police got involved.
The UK government supports and invests in Somaliland through the Department for International Development Fund (DFID) program, the Somaliland Development Fund (SDF), and CDC, the investment arm of the UK Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office, in a joint venture with the UAE’s DP World to support the expansion of the port of Berbera situated in the strategic location of the Red Sea.
An online petition to the government has now reached over 10,000 signatures to formally recognize the Republic of Somaliland. The Sheffield Somaliland community says it welcomes the opportunity to inform people about Somaliland, particularly the positive, strong, and historic links and affinity the people have with the UK.
As a City of Sanctuary, Sheffield Council was the first local authority to formally recognize Somaliland in 2014, in a move which was welcomed by the Somaliland community and has led to more councils across the UK following suit, including Tower Hamlets borough in London, Cardiff, and Birmingham.
Diana, a friend of the ISRAAC community, says a lot of work has been done by the community to achieve the progress they have made so far. “There is a huge amount of history that goes with this,” she said.
A lot of Somalilanders came here in the late 1980s because they suffered genocide from the Somalis.
“Sheffield City Council was the first council to formally recognize that Somaliland should be an independent nation. There has been a lot of work done here in Sheffield, and the people are responsible for that,” she said.
“There is a huge amount of history that goes with this. A lot of Somalilanders came here in the early 1990s because they suffered genocide from the Somalis.”
The Somaliland government has recently ceased talks with Somalia, saying there is no functional governmental platform to negotiate with, and due to a lack of meaningful progress going forward.
The history is quite chilling – in a war defined by the United Nations as the genocide in Somaliland, where it is estimated that over 200,00 people lost their lives, many British Somalilanders have witnessed and endured terrible things, and remain traumatized.
However, Somaliland is a story of a people and country who rose from the ashes of the genocide and destruction, to build a democratic, peaceful, stable country.
Somaliland and the UK have a long history together. Somaliland became a British Protectorate until June 1960 when it was briefly a nation-state. Somalilanders fought alongside the allies during the world wars, many giving their lives for Britain. Their institutions are modeled on the British with a tier-two government, police force, and a respected and disciplined army.
Diana says there is a huge affinity between the two countries and they look to the UK for leadership in what they believe is their just right, to be formally recognized as an independent state.
Safiya Saeed, a Burngreave ward councilor, says the Sheffield community has done a lot for Somaliland and Somalilanders.
“Sheffield City Council, the friends of Somaliland group, and residents and local businesses have done an amazing job in terms of having those important local conversations here and having that connection between Sheffield and Somaliland has been very vital and important as well,” she said.
Safiya says Somaliland has its own banks, passport, currency, and infrastructure, and has stability and she believes Somalilanders have the right to recognition and the right to embrace their identity.
Adam Yusuf, chair of Israac Somali Community Association in Sheffield, explained why Somaliland deserves and needs to be recognized as an independent nation.
He said: “Somaliland has had stability for 30 years, it has met all the criteria of an independent sovereign and country because it has a defined border, has its own currency, passport, four successive civilian elections of presidents, the parliament is elected one man one vote, therefore it meets all the requirements of an international state and it is about time Somaliland is brought back into the international community.”
Hamda Ali, a third-year university student in Sheffield, described the frustrations of Somaliland not being formally recognized from a young person’s perspective.
“They would say when you’re trying to fill out school applications or any type of application, don’t refer to Somaliland, refer to Somalia – but your mother or father at home are saying you are a Somalilander and you’re a true native Somalilander,” she said.
Israac and Somaliland communities all over Sheffield and the UK wish to raise awareness for Somaliland recognition and believe the way to do this and achieve independence is through education and community power.
The petition for Somaliland recognition – at https://petition.parliament.uk/petitions/595177 – lasts until February 24 and the Somaliland community is urging the wider public to add their names to what they describe as ‘a just cause and a positive step for relations and trade in a fast-growing beacon of peace and safe haven in the Horn of Africa’.
History and Development
Israac Somali Community Association was established in 1981 by a group of Somali seamen, at that time working in the steel industry, and their families. The aim was to assist the Somali community in gaining access to a wide range of services in local society.
Since then we have widened our work and services to support and welcome all local communities in a deprived part of Sheffield and become a registered charity. We are based in the Sharrow area of Sheffield on the border of Broomhall.
Aims and Activities
Israac’s work enables people and communities to make social connections, develop social cohesion, find educational opportunities, promote their own wellbeing, gain support for housing and legal issues, develop social enterprises and empower themselves. As part of our aspiration to provide enabling opportunities to the community, we are also an enterprise hub. We host a high-quality catering service as well as the Diaspora Multimedia Hub and offer a venue where local businesses and entrepreneurs can be based and develop.
Since 1987 we have had a spacious venue in an advantageous location – Vestry Hall on Cemetery Road near the bustling London Road full of local businesses and restaurants as well as being near residential areas. This has enriched relationships and connections in the community and city.
In 2017, 60 Somali families joined together to buy the freehold of our Vestry Hall venue. from Sheffield City Council. We worked with Glasshouse, Sheffield University Live Projects and an architect and structural engineer to produce an Architectural and Business Plan to develop our venue as a social enterprise center.
Israac Trustees (alphabetical order)
- Treasurer, Geoff Green
- Trustee, Faiza Hassan
- Trustee, Ahmed Mohamoud
- Trustee, Haji Omar
- Chair, Adam Yusuf
- Sahra Abdi, Advice and Support Worker, Cognospeak Project Worker
- Asha Ajab, Africa Womens Programme Support and Live Lighter Weight Management Coordinator
- Susannah Brewer, Management Team Support
- Daren Eagles, Diaspora Multimedia Hub Team
- Faisal Eid, Move More Men’s Project Coordinator
- Geoff Green, Management Team
- Ghislane Hamed, Key member of Luncheon Club team
- Mohamed Hamed, Chef for our Luncheon Club & Events
- Samira Hussein, Live Lighter Weight Management Coordinator
- Yasin Hersi, Diaspora Multimedia Hub Lead
- Muse Jama, Marketing Assistant, Cognospeak Project Worker
- Asma Kabadeh, Diaspora Multimedia Hub Team
- Saskia King, Diaspora Multimedia Hub Team
- Saima Rehman, Move More Women’s Project Coordinator
- Diana Roffey, Project and Administrative Officer
- Zahra Saleh, Cleaning Services
- Khadija Yasin, African Women’s Programme Lead
- Ismail Yussuf, Financial and Operations Manager
- Adam Yusuf, Management Team
- The UNIQUE Case For The International Recognition Of Somaliland
- The World Can Learn From How Somaliland Overcame Militias
- Somaliland: The Little Country That Could By David Shinn
- Somaliland Declaration On The Origin Of African Borders
- Masuuliyiinta Xidh-Xidhan Iyo Dareemada Dhagarta Xambaarsan Ee Laga Soo Werinayo Dhinaca Madaxtooyada
- Somaliland Is A Beacon Of Democracy In An Unstable Region