Somaliland and Somalia technical committee that convened in Djibouti for the past three days signed late last night a five-point preliminary agreement.
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The technical committee was constituted on Sunday following a high-profile meeting convened by Djibouti President Ismail Omar Guelleh and Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali, which also involved the presence of Somaliland president Muse Bihi Abdi and Somalia leader Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo.
But the technical committee struggled to kick-start negotiations due to myriads of unsolved differences, a move that almost collapsed the talks at preliminary stages, leading to tensions among the organizers, who are keen to have the impasse solved.
Mahmoud Ali Yusuf, Djibouti’s foreign affairs minister, announced the five-point preliminary agreement and the significant progress in bringing the two countries on board after hours of misunderstanding, adding that “the talks will now start uninterrupted because we’ve solved the contentious issues”.
The five-point preliminary agreement that the technical committee agreed on includes a code of conduct and guidelines for future talks, confidence building, implementation of past agreements, and formation of three subcommittees which would look at aid, airspace, and security which will meet after 15 days.
Further, the Djibouti minister added, a joint ministerial committee will meet after 45 days where it is anticipated that it will look at the recommendations from the three sub-committees before coming up with a tangible solution that would guide future relations between the two countries.
“We just have to be tolerant of each other. During mediation, differences emerge, parties disagree on certain issues but in the long run, we reach a consensus. I want to thank representatives for agreeing to settle on preliminary issues,” he said.
Earlier, multiple sources had intimated that the talks were at a “difficult” stage.
Saeed Sulub, Somaliland’s minister for livestock, who is also among those in the committee, told the press that they “walked out” because the talks were “not fruitful”. He accused Somalia of being “unprepared” and “politicizing” aid.
During the first meeting on Sunday, the regional leaders agreed that Djibouti will host the technical committee from the two countries. Further, it was agreed that they should depoliticize investment and development besides implementing initial agreements that were signed in previous meetings.
The Djiboutian Foreign Minister who was chairing the meeting read the five points to press after last-minute efforts to salvage the talks
Here are the five-point preliminary agreement in Djibouti talks between Somaliland and Somalia
- How to continue holding future meetings in a conducive and meaningful way.
- How to restore mutual trust between the two sides (Confidence building)
- Implementation of past agreements: To implement the provisions agreed upon the previous conferences that were not honored, such as International Financial Assistance and Humanitarian Assistance, a committee has been formed to address the matter and will convene within the next fifteen (15) days in Djibouti.
- The two sides have formed a second committee to discuss air control, which will convene in Djibouti within fifteen days.
- The two sides have formed a third committee to discuss security, which will also convene in Djibouti within fifteen days.
The foreign minister of Somaliland, Yassin Faraton, speaking after the pact was signed, has said that the talks were a step that both sides took in the right direction.
On the other hand, Somalia’s Interior Minister, Abdi Mohamed Sabrie, said that the Somali government is committed to having a genuine dialogue with Somaliland in a bid to renew the superb ties between Somaliland. He added that the agreement signed shows the commitment of both sides to continue the talks in order to address the essence of the issues that are facing both Somaliland and Somalia.
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