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History and Present: Have you been to Somaliland? Do you know anything about the country? Let us know in the comments :). Something we mixed up in the video (Sorry :O!): Somaliland was recognized by 35 countries after it received independence for three days.

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1:25 Somaliland & the map

1:40 History

4:30 Somaliland on old maps

5:26 Why two different countries

6:22 Name of Somaliland’s people

8:30 Relationship with Somalia

10:00 Passport

11:00 Somaliland flag

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History of The State of Somaliland

The State of Somaliland was a short-lived independent country in the present-day de-facto independent Republic of Somaliland. It was the name assumed by the former British Somaliland protectorate in the five days between June 26, 1960, and July 1, 1960, when the territory prepared for a union as scheduled with the Trust Territory of Somaliland under Italian Administration (the former Italian Somaliland) to form the Somali Republic (Somalia).

In May 1960, the British government stated that it would be prepared to grant independence to the then protectorate of British Somaliland, with the intention that the territory would unite with the Italian-administered Trust Territory of Somaliland under Italian Administration (the former Italian Somaliland). The Legislative Council of British Somaliland passed a resolution in April 1960 requesting independence and union with the Trust Territory of Somaliland, which was scheduled to gain independence on 1 July that year. The legislative councils of both territories agreed to this proposal following a joint conference in Mogadishu.

On June 26, 1960, the former British Somaliland protectorate briefly obtained independence as the State of Somaliland, with the Trust Territory of Somaliland following suit five days later. The following day, on June 27, 1960, the newly convened Somaliland Legislative Assembly approved a bill that would formally allow for the union of the State of Somaliland with the Trust Territory of Somaliland on 1 July 1960.

Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal, who had previously served as an unofficial member of the former British Somaliland protectorate’s Executive Council and the Leader of Government Business in the Legislative Council, became the Prime Minister of the State of Somaliland during its planned transition to union with the Trust Territory of Somaliland under Italian administration, the former Italian Somaliland.

During its brief existence, the State of Somaliland received international recognition from 35 countries, that included China, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Ghana, Israel, Libya, the Soviet Union. The United States Secretary of State Christian Herter sent a congratulatory message, and the United Kingdom signed several bilateral agreements with Somaliland in Hargeisa on June 26, 1960.

This a copy of the letter that Secretary of State Christian Herter sent

June 26, 1960

Their Excellences,

Council of Ministers of Somaliland, Hargeisa.

Your Excellences: I extend my best wishes and congratulations on the achievement of your independence. This is a noteworthy milestone in your history, and it is with pleasure that I send my warmest regards on this happy occasion.

Christian a. Herter

Secretary of State United States of America.

And here is the letter that Elizabeth II sent to the people of Somaliland in the Independence Day:

“I, my Government and my people in the United Kingdom, wish you well on this day of independence. The connection between our people goes back some 130 years and the British administration of the Protectorate for 60 years. I look forward to a continuing and enduring friendship between our two countries.

There were also fears of clashes with populations in Ethiopia.

On July 1, 1960, five days after the former British-Somaliland protectorate obtained independence as the State of Somaliland, the territory united as scheduled with the Trust Territory of Somaliland to form the Somali Republic (Somalia).

A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa, with Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf as President of the Somali National Assembly, Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as President and Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister, later to become President (from 1967–1969). On July 20, 1961, and through a popular referendum, the Somali people ratified a new constitution, which was first drafted in 1960. Source: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

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